Tourette syndrome is a brain disorder that results in sudden and harsh body movements called tics. Tourette syndrome and tics have a vastly diverse level of symptoms that result in various body movements and severity. The stereotyped Tourette syndrome case is a person who cannot control their speaking or involuntarily yell. These are the most complex and very rare cases of Tourettes. Many cases that involve tics are fast repetitive body movements or vocal sounds like throat-clearing. The symptoms become more severe when the person is stressed or in an anxious situation. TS is diagnosed by doctors after signs of tics frequently over the course of a year. TS can be controlled, but many times stressful experiences often build up tics that need to be released to cope with the stress. There are effective treatments for TS, although many minimal cases do not require medication. Training and behavioral treatments are the best way to cope with TS. There continues to be research on the syndrome and effective ways to live with TS for young children and adults alike.
Cause: Brain disorder, genetic mutations, and environmental factors all attribute to the cause of Tourette syndrome.
Classification: Tourette syndrome is classified by Tics. These are sudden movements that repeat in various muscle groups.
Forms: There are various forms of severity and types of muscle movements of Tourette syndrome. Tourette syndrome is often associated with OCD and ADHD diagnoses.
Symptoms: The symptoms of tics can be classified as two types: Simple tics and Complex tics. Simple tics are random and involve a minimal amount of muscles. Complex tics are synchronized and repetitive movements of muscles.
Treatment: There is no cure for Tourette syndrome but there are numerous types of medications specific to ADHD and OCD that help with the symptoms of Tourette. Therapy is a strong tool for treatment including psychotherapy, behavior therapy, and deep brain stimulation.